Advantages and Disadvantages of Butterfly Valve

A Butterfly valve is part of the quarter-turn valve family of valves. It works by rotating the disc a quarter turn and entirely opening or closing itself. Its main purpose is to control the flow of fluid through a pipe portion.

Butterfly valves are designed to give entire flow with a high level of control efficiency. Butterfly valves are unable to accomplish positive shut-off. Butterfly valves with bubble-tight sealing have recently been developed thanks to the use of new polymers and higher temperature ratings.

Working Principle

The functioning mechanism of a butterfly valve is based on a flat, round plate that is positioned in the middle of the pipe. A rod is threaded through the plate and connected to an actuator on the valve’s exterior. When the butterfly valve actuator is rotated, the plate is turned either parallel or at right angles to the flow. Unlike a ball valve, the plate is always available inside the flow, causing a pressure drop in the flow regardless of the valve’s position.

A butterfly valve is a metal disc that is clasped on a rod. When the valve is closed, the disc rotates to completely block the route. When the valve is fully open, the disc is quarter rotated to allow the fluid to flow freely. A quarter turn of the actuator rotates the disc from 0A to 90A degrees, shutting down or starting a butterfly valve. On the basis of size and use, the actuators used on butterfly valves varies. There are several types of butterfly valves available, each of which is capable of managing a wide range of pressures and uses.

Types:

•          Zero offset Butterfly valve.

•          Triple Eccentric Butterfly valve.

•          Double Eccentric Butterfly valve.

•          Metal Seated Butterfly valve.

Advantages :

  • It has a built-in basic and economical design with fewer parts, making it maintenance friendly and easy to fix.
  • Its wafer-form lightweight body makes it cost-effective in terms of the valve’s initial pricing as well as installation costs in terms of in-person hours and pipe requirements.
  • It can transport muck with only a small amount of fluid left in the pipeline exit.
  • They seal well at low pressure and are simple to open and close.
  • When compared to a ball, its disc is rather light.
  • A butterfly valve requires far less structural support than a ball valve of the same diameter.

Disadvantages:

  • Even when fully opened, a portion of the disc constantly faces the flow. Regardless of the setting, the functioning of a butterfly valve always results in a pressure switch over the valve.
  • It performs poorly in terms of sealing.
  • Butterfly valves are only used for throttling in low-pressure drop systems.
  • When butterfly valves fail, there’s a risk of cavitation and clogged flow.

Applications:

In automobile systems, butterfly valves are commonly employed. The butterfly valve in an automobile carburetor, for example, can be detected. As a result, the valve is utilised to control the air flow to the car’s engine. It can partially open and close to adjust the quantity of air that flows through it.

Because of its easy throttling capabilities and suitable pressure restrictions, butterfly valves are commonly used in firefighting pipes and tubes. Corrosive and abrasive services are additional common applications for these valves. They’re also employed in high-temperature, high-pressure water and steam facilities. Butterfly valves are also required for vacuum service, cooling, and circulating water systems.

Additionally, some of its varieties, such as Triple Offset, are utilised in the oil, gas, petrochemical, power, chemical, and maritime industries. Valves can also be utilised for a modulating or on-off system.

Butterfly valves’ widespread use in industrial applications can be attributed in part to features such as quarter-turn operation, tight shut-off, and others. Its application in industrial fluid systems has also been boosted by new component materials and designs.

Conclusion:

Butterfly valves are useful in pipelines because they assist control water flow. They are capable of stopping or starting any fluid flow, as well as altering the amount of flow. Some valves are better for corrosive systems, while others are better for high-pressure fluids. What are your thoughts on the matter? How can you make sure your valves are in good working order?

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